Good questions guys! The inner-part of the hand should be touching the fingerboard on the other side of the thumb. The hand should be touching about where the nut is (the elevation at the back of the fingerboard)–many students have the hand too far even with the thumb and it actually needs to be back where the nut is.
The key to left-hand posture is to lightly touch the fingerboard with the inner part of the hand as you want to be able to easily slide when you start to shift. If you have a light touch, your hand will remain mobile when it is time to shift. This touch is important as it helps you feel how far to go for a shift, just like the feel you have as your thumb moves. Between both of these points of contact on the fingerboard, you will be able to know where you are going, and develop muscle memory with distance. To just land shifts in mid-air is not consistent and virtually impossible (this is what you would be doing by not touching without the inner part of your hand).
Regarding what is going on underneath the fingerboard. The hand should be placed to where there is a space between the thumb and the inside of the hand. There shouldn’t be contact there at all (think of this as two eyebrows that you don’t want to connect). The only light-contact you want is for the thumb and the inside of the hand to feel where you are at on the fingerboard on each side–that’s it.
Don’t go uni-brow! Hope that helps.
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